In an extensive review, EFSA has assessed the risks to public health of trivalent and hexavalent chromium species in food and drinking water. EFSA derived a tolerable daily intake (TDI) of 300 μg/kg bw for chromium(III) from a chronic oral study in rats, and considered that current estimated dietary exposures to this species do not raise health concerns. For chromium(VI), a genotoxic carcinogen with potential non-threshold effects, concerns were raised over cancer risks in infants and in high consumers (particularly children). EFSA stated that more data on the levels of chromium(III) and (VI) in food and drinking water will help improve its risk assessment.
European Food Safety Authority. Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM). Scientific opinion on the risks to public health related to the presence of chromium in food and drinking water. EFSA Journal 2014, 12(3): 3595.
The above items were taken from the April 2014 issue of Toxicology and Regulatory News which is sent automatically to members of bibra (click here)
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