Based on the average observed choline intake in heathy populations in the EU, and in consideration of the amounts of choline needed to replenish choline-depleted subjects who show signs of organ dysfunction, EFSA has established an adequate intake (AI) of 400 mg/day for adults. The value does not apply to pregnant or breast-feeding women who are assigned respective AIs of 480 and 520 mg/day. For infants aged 7‑11 months, an AI of 160 mg/day is proposed (from the estimated choline intake of breastfed babies), while for older children AIs range from 140 mg/day (ages 1-3 years) to 400 mg/day (ages 15‑17 years).

European Food Safety Authority (2016). Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA). Dietary reference values for choline.


The above items were taken from the October 2016 issue of Toxicology and Regulatory News which is sent automatically to members of bibra (click here)

News Home Guest Write For Us? Contact Us