Based on the average observed choline intake in heathy populations in the EU, and in consideration of the amounts of choline needed to replenish choline-depleted subjects who show signs of organ dysfunction, EFSA has established an adequate intake (AI) of 400 mg/day for adults. The value does not apply to pregnant or breast-feeding women who are assigned respective AIs of 480 and 520 mg/day. For infants aged 7‑11 months, an AI of 160 mg/day is proposed (from the estimated choline intake of breastfed babies), while for older children AIs range from 140 mg/day (ages 1-3 years) to 400 mg/day (ages 15‑17 years).

European Food Safety Authority (2016). Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA). Dietary reference values for choline. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2903/j.efsa.2016.4484/full

 

The above items were taken from the October 2016 issue of Toxicology and Regulatory News which is sent automatically to members of bibra (click here)

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