A Danish EPA guidance document on the risk assessment of chemicals in consumer products provides basic information on hazard identification, hazard characterisation, exposure assessment and risk characterisation. Advice is given on what tools are available for each step, and there is a warning about the use of derived no-effect levels (DNELs) from REACH and occupational exposure levels (OELs) for workers. The appendices to the report provide the following examples:

·         Chloroprene. Although seven “problematic” chemical substances were identified in chloroprene rubber consumer products, a comparison of the anticipated exposure with no-observed-adverse-effect levels (NOAELs) did not indicate any appreciable human health risk.

·         Diethylhexyl phthalate. DEHP in erasers was thought to present a serious risk of damage to reproduction, although on subsequent review it was concluded that the intake from this source could not be as high as had been presumed.

·         Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate. Scented toys containing this compound were taken off the market due to a serious risk of kidney damage or cancer.

Danish Ministry of the Environment. Environmental Protection Agency (2013). Guidance for risk assessment of chemicals in consumer articles and products. Survey of chemical substances in consumer products No. 125.

http://www2.mst.dk/Udgiv/publications/2014/03/978-87-93178-21-2.pdf

The above items were taken from the May 2014 issue of Toxicology and Regulatory News which is sent automatically to members of bibra (click here)

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