In the light of new data, EFSA has re-evaluated the safety of ethyl acrylate and benzophenone as food flavouring agents. Neither substance was considered by the Panel to have genotoxic potential.

While ethyl acrylate was considered safe for use as a flavouring at the intended use levels, it was noted that when taken together with intakes from food-contact materials, exposures may exceed the temporary group tolerable daily intake (TDI) set by EFSA’s predecessor the Scientific Committee for Food (SCF) [which does not appear to have been made permanent since then] of 0.1 mg acrylic acid/kg bw for acrylates.

For benzophenone, data released since the 2009 EFSA opinion support the existing TDI of 0.03 mg/kg bw, which had been based on kidney effects in male rats exposed for 2 years in the diet. No safety concerns were raised by current levels of exposure from its use as a food flavouring.

European Food Safety Authority (2017). Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF). Scientific opinions on: Safety of benzophenone to be used as flavouring. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.5013/epdf

Safety of ethyl acrylate to be used as flavouring. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2903/j.efsa.2017.5012/epdf

 

The above items were taken from the January-February 2018 issue of Toxicology and Regulatory News which is sent automatically to members of bibra.

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