The classification and labelling of nicotine solutions (for supply as e-liquids)


A manufacturer of nicotine-based e-liquids.


An EU manufacturer approached us, confused regarding the appropriate classification of nicotine and, consequently, the appropriate classification of their e-liquid solutions (with nicotine strengths ranging from 0 to 2%).

Project Goals

Bibra scientists were asked to advise on the appropriate classification of nicotine, and of the classification and labelling (C&L) of the client’s e-liquid formulations.


As the harmonised classification for nicotine is being updated imminently (Spring 2017), we made use of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) proposals, together with critical acute toxicity endpoint values, to propose the appropriate C&L of their nicotine solutions at varying, specific, concentrations. Advice was also provided to help ensure that the products were compliant with certain requirements of the Tobacco Products Directive (TPD2).

Project Outcome

The client was provided with a report detailing the appropriate classification of nicotine, and the consequent appropriate C&L of their e-liquid products. This enabled them to confidently produce EU CLP (foreseeing the imminent Annex VI changes) and TPD2 compliant labels for their EU manufactured e-liquid products.

Project Team

Richard Young

Pete Watts

Chris Waine